The Spanish language is understood and spoken as a first or second language for virtually all of Argentina's population. The Italian and Quechua have more than one million speakers. Of all the countries of the world where Spanish or Castilian is dominant status, Argentina is the largest land area. Spanish is the only language used in public administration at the national level, with no statute declared it as official. However, the province of Corrientes in 2004 declared co-official Guarani education and acts of government, although it is not regulated.
The breadth of the country, the existence of different linguistic substrates produced by the variety of Indian languages and the different contributions of local languages of the European immigrants of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, have given rise to several different dialectal forms.
River Plate dialect is the dialect of prestige throughout the territory and more recognized as a variant Argentina out of the country is heavily influenced by Italian and has the distinction of being voseante even in more formal registers of language.
The Patagonian region, populated mainly by immigrants from the Midwest, also adopted the use of this variant, with slight variations phonological, probably under the influence of the twentieth century Chilean immigration.
In the northwest, on the one hand, and in Northeast, on the other, the influence of Quechua and Guarani, respectively, has resulted in slightly different dialects, which in turn have subdialectales regional variations.
In the provinces of San Juan, Mendoza and a lower proportion in the provinces of San Luis and La Rioja. It gives the intersection traces of the Chilean and River Plate Spanish, idioms and pronunciation appearing similar to Chile, where ll ey is pronounced as and the r assibilated in and in cults or semicultos cases, a weak or normal.
Which by its former dependence and geographic proximity to Chile, a limited number of voices said those contacts, also joined voices flow Mapuche Chileans. There are areas of Cuyo denoting closer to Chile (Malargue, Calingasta), others more influenced from the Rio de la Plata, either in tone or in some pronunciations. This influence goes back to Buenos Aires slang that riding on the cultural flow rioplatense, seated in the Cuyo society safer wax from the upper classes (for students and tango), and then being perpetrated to this day with the media . Are manifestations that make up the chapters of a regional dialectology, but by no means the gramatica.212
In northwestern Argentina, the Andean Spanish merged with the dialect of the River Plate. The province of Cordoba and in particular provincial capital, has a singular intonation curve, distinctive even at first hearing.
Other significant features of the Spanish spoken in Argentina, apart from the lexical (with an abundance italians, quechua, guarana, and Araucanian), are yeismo with whiz and the use of Guarani words like che expression. Yeismo with whiz, pronunciation of the ll and y as a fricative postalveolar, is widespread in the educated speech, with the notable exception of the Northeast.
Guarani language has speakers throughout the Northeast and especially within the province of Corrientes.
The Quechua language has a striking number of speakers in the province of Santiago del Estero, where they speak a very distinct dialect called Quechua, and also in areas of the province of Jujuy where he uses a variety of the language more similar to that is spoken in southwestern Bolivia.
On the outskirts of large urban agglomerations, due to constant migration of northeastern Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia and Peru, there are speakers of Guarani, Quechua and Aymara.
In some areas bordering Brazil, is typical to use portugol, hybridization of Spanish in Argentina with the Portuguese in Brazil occurred mainly in the province of Misiones, to a lesser extent Corrientes and Entre Rios.
Various immigrant communities and children of immigrants still maintain the languages of their region of origin, although this use is lost as generations progress. The most notable for the number of speakers is Italian, with other notable German, Japanese, Portuguese, Welsh in Chubut, Polish, and most recently Mandarin Chinese.
Some jargon is so widespread that they have deserved special treatment, such as slang and Rosarigasinos. The former is used because its use in the lyrics of the tango, but has lost much of its influence on everyday speech, for generational change.